Revolution in Agricultural Sphere of Life


     People evolve with every new day. Gradually, there is something to be proud of. Some think it is shameful though. Some cannot accept homosexual relationships, for example and do not find it appropriate to let same-sex people get married and start families. Along with social sphere of life, agricultural side evolves just as well.

     The development of human civilization is intimately connected with scientific-and-technological advance. There is so many interesting discoveries in the world and there are more yet to come. On the background of this progress, there happen to be periods of fast and deep changes within productive powers. This is what a period of industrial revolution was in a raw of countries through XVIII-XIX centuries, which signalized about moving from manual operation to machine production. The period of modern scientific-technological advance, which began in the beginning of XX century is so just as well.  

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     Anyway, there was so called green revolution. Transformation of agriculture based on applying new farming techniques. That what green revolution stood for. It is one of the forms of scientific-technological advance. It includes the following components: development of new short-season variety of white straw corps, which favors makes the harvest boom and gives an opportunity to use seeds, irrigation of lands, as long as new varieties show its best qualities under condition of artificial irrigation only, extensive use of state-of-the-art technologies, fertilizers. As a result of green revolution, many developing countries started to satisfy the needs at the cost of farm production of its own. Due to green revolution, the yield of frumentaceous per unit double increased. It is noteworthy that green revolution obtained a wide circulation in Mexico, countries of South and Southeast Asia but slightly touched the rest of many other regions. Moreover, it touched the lands of big owners and foreign companies changing almost nothing about traditional consumer sector.

     Farm animal production, as a rule, prevails in agricultural scheme of economically developed countries. Countries of South Europe and Asia are exceptions. Plant science usually prevails in agricultural scheme of developing countries except for Arabian Peninsula countries, Mongolia, countries of North Africa, Sahel countries (Niger, Mali, Chad, Sudan), Somali, Argentina, Uruguay and others). Agriculture in developed countries is of intensive nature and extensive – in the most of developing countries. As a result, developing countries lack high crop yield and agricultural industry productivity unlike economically developed countries, which increases food problem in developing countries.

     Monoculture type of agriculture is what developing countries characterized with. There are one or two crops among crops with export meaning (for example, Cuba – cane and tobacco, Columbia – coffee and bananas, Ecuador – bananas, Sri-Lanka – tea, Ethiopia – coffee, Cote D'Ivoire – cacao, Sudan – cotton). Furthermore, crop science of developing countries is divided into cash crop (made for export) and subsistence farming (for internal use).      

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